Seagoing Organizational Chart
Underway maritime jobs (also called seafaring or shipboard) include a wide variety of roles and ranks. The crew on a ship is usually divided into three departments: the Deck Department, the Engine Department and the Steward Department. You can see how a ship is organized based on department and position rank in the graphic below.
If you attend a 4 year maritime academy, you would enter the maritime industry with a rank of 3rd Mate. If you attend a 1 year maritime academy (like Seattle Maritime Academy), you would enter the maritime industry with a rank of Able Bodied Seaman.